The current South African National Anthem comprises two anthems that were combined in 1997, Die Stem and Nkosi Sikilele. The negotiated Democratic South Africa brought about strange anomalies, none more so than the National Anthem conundrum.
For Afrikaners, nothing is more important to them than their national sport, rugby and their national anthem, Die Stem. After the compromised South African political solution was brought about and the new Constitution was adopted, it was decided that it was best to keep the two National Anthems, this compromise was a big blow to the Black majority of South African, having fought Apartheid for decades, we had to sing their provocative National Anthem too. For the sake of unity Blacks accepted this, and it was required at all state functions, sports events, both anthems were to be sung, at especially sporting events this was to long and a compromised was reached to combine these two anthems.
In 1992, at the sport of the Afrikaners, a match between The Springboks and the All Blacks, only the music of the Die Stem was played and this irked the majority of the South Africans, at the Olympics in the same year, neither of the two anthems were played, instead the Schiller’s ” Ode to Joy”, as set to Beethoven’s music in lieu of what happened previously at the rugby match. This proved to be a major stumbling block, Afrikaners got their International Rugby back, but wanted everything else, including their Die Stem and Biltong.
Fast forward to the 21st century, Black South Africans are slowly recognizing that they have been duped with the negotiations of the nineties and is standing up against the negotiated settlements, its starting with the National Anthem. At more and more public gatherings, enlightened Blacks are ignoring the Hybrid National Anthem, and adopting the real Anthem, Khosi Sikilele, they know now that you cannot negotiate with an enemy who does not really think about reconciliation, but only their own narrow interest. Regularly we hear of racist whites attacking Blacks, be it in a parking lot or on social media platforms.
The negotiated settlements brought economic freedom to a small minority of Blacks, the majority of wealth is still owned by the minority of Whites. They still own everything, in Cape Town, the wealthiest areas of Constantia, Campsbay, Houtbay, Fresnaye is still lily white, a few people of color you will find in these areas. Political Apartheid has been replaced by Economic Apartheid (the struggle of classes), for generations the wealth was in the hands of the White minority, this is evident in the demography of the Cape Peninsula, where the mountains, the seas, the Whites are in the majority.
“Cape Town is a paradise for the minority, but I could hope for a city where everyone has access to the same opportunities that I have,” says Wolff. “Mandela may have postponed revolution – but for how much longer is the question.”